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Selection of Shallot Clones (Allium cepa var. Aggregatum) Adaftif in Peatland

ABSTRACT

The limitation of productive land causes agricultural extensification to lead to marginal lands. Peatland is one of the selected marginal land species, because it is relatively more rare inhabitants, so the possibility of land use conflict is relatively small. The study aimed to select the clones of shallot from high yield on peatland.Selection of clones of shallot located in peatland Kampung Koreng Bangkirai, District of Syah Bangau, Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan in April -June 2016. Materials used are 20 clones of the crosses and 7 (seven) varieties of parents Sembrani, Kramat 1, Tiron, Maja cipanas, Kramat 2, Bali rubber and Manjung. Each clone / variety was planted on one plot of experiment with the size of 1 x 6 m2 plot with a spacing of shallot about 15 x 20 cm so that there are 164 plants / plots. At 14 HST obtained the lowest number of live plants per plot of clone number 19 (42 plants / 25,60%) and highest of clone number 18 (157 crop / 95,73%). The average number of tillers from 20 tested clones ranged from 1-7 tillers, with the highest number of productive tillers in clone 1 and the lowest number of tillers on clones 20, ie 7.08 and 1.42, respectively. Of the 20 selected clones, selected 5 clones that have number of tubers per hill more than 50 grams of clones numbered 1, 2, 16, 17 and 18.

 

Keywords: Shallot, clones, peatlands

 

Oleh : Nurmalita Waluyo, Rismawita Sinaga, M. Anang Firmansyah, Iteu M. Hidayat 

 

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

Politeknik Negeri Lampung 07 September 2017

ISBN 978-602-70530-6-9 halaman 51-63